The Reserve Bank will pay an interim dividend of Rs 28,000 crore to the government, a move that will help the Centre keep fiscal deficit in check.
The announcement on Monday came after the bank's Central Board meeting, which was addressed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
This is the second successive year when the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will be transferring an interim surplus.
This is in addition to Rs 50,000 crore surplus transfer announced by RBI in August 2018 for 2017-18 (RBI follows July-June financial year).
Of this, Rs 10,000 crore was given as interim dividend to the government on March 27, 2018.
"Based on a limited audit review and after applying the extant economic capital framework, the Board decided to transfer an interim surplus of Rs 280 billion to the central government for the half-year ended December 31, 2018," the central bank said in a statement.
RBI had given Rs 30,663 crore as dividend to the government in 2017-18.