Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin.
Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. There is no cure for diabetes. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes occurs when one of the following occurs:
When the pancreas does not produce any insulin
When the pancreas produces very little insulin
When the body does not respond appropriately to insulin, a condition called "insulin resistance"
The Role of Insulin in Diabetes
To understand why insulin is important in diabetes, it helps to know more about how the body uses food for energy. Your body is made up of millions of cells. To make energy, these cells need food in a very simple form. When you eat or drink, much of your food is broken down into a simple sugar called "glucose."