Fruits and vegetables today are less in nutrition as compared to fruits and vegetables before 50 years. There are any reasons for low nutrient level in them. The most responsible thing is, more crops are grown in a particular space to increase the yield. Luckily, there are some best ways to preserve nutrients in vegetables and fruits that we will discuss with you today. There is severe decline in vitamin and protein levels of fruits and vegetables. The another reason is due to over harvesting of soil. When soil is used over many years for turn over, it becomes nutrient depleted.All crops that grow on this depleted soil are devoid of nutritional content. The use of more pesticides and herbicides also deplete the nutrients and are toxic to plants, humans, animals and our environment. Poor farming practices make plants weak and sick and depleted soil from nutrients. However we must not stop the use of fruits and vegetables, as there are some tips to preserve the nutrients of fruits and vegetables.
1.Go With Locally Grown: To prevent the loss of nutrients from fruits and vegetables you must grow them in your own garden or from a local farmer's garden. This will reduce the time from market to your dining table and they will be fresh so that there is no loss of nutrients.
2.Less Cooking: Many nutrients from fruits and vegetables such as vitamins and minerals are lost with cooking. Make sure you give your vegetables less heat exposure and less contact with water. Steaming are frying best ways to cook vegetables to retain nutrients. Avoid boiling in water for longer time.
3.Choose Frozen: We always think that fresh is always better than frozen. This is not true, when vegetables are frozen immediately after harvest, they retain more nutrients than fresh vegetables that take time to reach to us. Freezing is one of the simple ways to preserve fruits and vegetables.
4.Don't Judge Them By Their Looks: When we see big colorful and shiny fruits and vegetables, we get deceived by their looks. This look is achieved by the use of chemical substances to increase their aesthetic appeal only. They are less in nutrients and high in pesticides. Organic fruits are not so good looking but rich in nutrients.
5.Eat Them Big And Rough: Avoid chopping and slicing of fruits and vegetables into smaller pieces rather eat them as big and rough pieces. Bigger pieces retain more nutrients than smaller ones. As in bigger pieces there is less exposure of fruits to air and less loss of nutrients.
6.Never Soak Fruits And Vegetables: Wash fruits and vegetables to remove all dirt and chemical pesticides. If you have to peel the skin, still wash them. But never soak them in water as this removes all nutrients and water soluble vitamins such as vitamin C, B etc. This is one of the best ways to preserve nutrients in vegetables and fruits.
7.Storage Of Fruits And Vegetables: Storage of your fruits and vegetables is important. If they are not stored properly then there will be loss of nutrients. If you are planning to eat your veggies and fruits after some days then freeze them. You must also prevent contact of your fruits and vegetables to air. Keep them in air tight containers to preserve vitamins and minerals.
8.Dehydrate: How to prevent loss of nutrients in vegetables? Preservation of fruits and vegetables by drying is one of the best way to prevent loss of nutrients in them. It also makes them a good snack. You can do this for pears, apples, apricots, pineapples, carrots, beet root and potatoes etc.
These are the ways to preserve nutrients in fruits and vegetables.