Stuttering: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment

When a person has trouble speaking in a fluid, or flowing way, for example, he/she may say the whole word or parts of the word more than once, or pause awkwardly between words - it is termed as stuttering.

Types Of Stuttering : 

Developmental

Neurogenic 

Psychogenic 

Symptoms Of Stuttering

Frustration when attempting to communicate 

Refusal to speak 

Hesitation or pausing before starting to speak 

Using extra sounds or words into sentences, such as 'uh' or 'mm' 

Facial tics 

Lip tremors 

Excessive blinking of eyes 

Tension in the face and upper body 

Repetition of words or phrases 

Head jerks 

Clenching fists 

Causes Of Stuttering

Family history of stuttering 

Development during childhood 

Neurophysiology 

Family dynamics 

Being in contact with another stutter 

Abnormalities in speech motor control

Diagnosis Of Stuttering 

If your child or someone you know stutters, you should get help from a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP), as early as possible. Because, it is important to intervene children or adults with stuttering at the earliest, as it not only affects the way a person speaks but also nurtures feelings like fear, shame, avoidance, isolation anxiety, guilt etc

Treatment For Stuttering

Speech therapy: 

It can help interruptions in speech and improve one's self-confidence. Therapy focuses on controlling speech patterns by monitoring the rate of speech, breath support, and laryngeal tension. 

Electronic devices: Various electronic devices are available to enhance fluency.

Parent-child interaction: 

Parental involvement in practising techniques at home is a critical step in improving the child's stuttering. 

Cognitive behavioural therapy: 

This type of psychotherapy can help you learn to identify and change ways of thinking that might make stuttering worse.