Stockholm: The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Louise Gluck, the American poet, 'for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal'.
The award was announced at a news conference in Stockholm.
Gluck is the first female poet to win the prize since Wislawa Szymborska, a Polish writer, in 1996. Other poets to have received the award include Seamus Heaney, the Irish poet, who won in 1995.
She is the first American to win since Bob Dylan in 2016.
Her 12 collections include 'The Wild Iris' for which she won a Pulitzer Prize in 1993, and 'Faithful and Virtuous Night' from 2014. She was named the United States’ poet laureate in 2003.